Knee Pain Explained - Seeking Relief and Prevention
Knee pain can be a very frustrating and widespread problem affecting athletes, runners, and people of all kinds. The knee itself is made up of four bones: The Femur(thigh bone), Patella (knee cap), Fibula and Tibia (small and large shin bones, respectively). There is a system of muscles and tendons which attach the bones to the knee, as well as other cartilage and ligaments that help support and stabilize the knee. Any type of trauma that occurs to any of these will lead to knee pain.
Many knee pain sufferers are surprised to learn that one of the leading causes for knee pain is overpronation. Overpronation is when you over-pronate (roll the toes inward) while walking or running. Common causes for overpronation include flat feet and/or low arches. Overpromation of the foot while walking has an effect on the alignment of the ankle, which has an effect on the alignment of the shin, which has an effect on the alignment of the entire system of bones, cartilege, ligaments and tendons that make up the knee. The muscles and tendons tend to get strained, ligaments and cartilege gets worn unevenly, and this all leads to painful knee injuries. Of course, this misalignment carries on through the knee into having an effecton the alignment of the hip bones, through the lower back, having a negative effect on body posture, which trule makes overpronation a problem from toe to head. Overpronation can be easily prevented and treated almost immediately with a simple pair of orthotic shoe insoles with proper arch support.
Another one of the underlying causes for knee pain is called band syndrome. Band syndrome is also known as "gluteal amnesia". It occurs when you have a problem with tight hip flexors and it can cause pain in the knee area. Typically, this syndrome is caused by tight hamstrings and tight quadriceps. Whereas with overpronation the misalignment was being caused from below, the misalignment and poor balance of the knee with band syndrome is being effected from above.
There are other factors which may cause knee pain and symptoms which can be quite similar to the above different types of knee pain. One of these is called osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is inflammation of the joint. It is also sometimes called "gouty arthritis". The most common symptom of osteoarthritis is severe pain in the joint.
Another factor which causes pain in the knee is when there is rubbing or friction between bones, which in turn causes knee pain. This is usually caused by excessive tension on the patella, which can be the result of excess weight, sitting, or standing. A helpful knee brace can help to reduce the friction and reduce the tension on the knee. However, the best way to avoid this is prevention. Proactively taking care of knee joints, making sure weight is under control, walking with a healthy gait and good body posture, and if discomfort is felt, seeking out advice from a specialist at the first signs of pain, will keep poorly worn out knees from becoming an injury.
It is important that one ensures they show a proper amount of pronation—the natural flexing of the foot as weight is shifted toward the front of the foot while stepping off to the other foot. Usually, the foot has a natural rolling motion from the midfoot to the ball of the foot, rolling inward slightly toward the big toe. Overpronation is where the foot falls flatly and the inward roll is exaggerated. People with high arches will experience the opposite, where the foot favors the outside of the foot as the foot transfers weight forward during the step. This is called Supination. Keeping the foot aligned for optimized pronation is a very important part of relieving and preventing pain from the foundation of the body, up. This can be done with the help of orthotic shoe inserts with arch support, splints, night braces, and stretches throughout the day.
There are several knee pain exercises which can be performed without the use of equipment in order to achieve full relief and healing. These include passive resistance training, passive isometric knee extension exercises, and active isometric knee flexion exercises. These can be used in conjunction with a healthy diet for optimal pain relief. With the right combination of therapy and nutrition, you can often achieve a complete knee pain relief and healing.
Knee pain can affect anyone. Age, gender, physical fitness, and injury all make a difference in knee pain. For those who play sports, knee pain can make participating in the sport itself impossible, while knee pain for sedentary people can limit their activity, and activities such as walking, or taking long walks in the park become painful excursions. With all these conditions, knee pain is something you don't have to endure alone, and you don't want to put up with it for long.
In order to relieve knee pain, you should look for a comprehensive program of treatment that addresses all of the factors that cause knee pain. You may consider looking for knee pain relief routines online. Many programs are now available on the internet, but the problem with them is that not all are created equal. Some will only give you basic information or advice, which won't get you the results you are looking for. This is why it's important to look at programs that offer a step by step guide, complete with videos and detailed instructions. A visit to your specialist can help figure out your best plan. The program should include dietary changes and lifestyle alterations that will strengthen your knee and encourage proper knee alignment. It should also provide information about the best exercises and activities to help strengthen your knee and improve knee pain healing. Knee pain does not have to be the mystery it has become.